Work on optimizing the use of agricultural land continues in Turkmenistan.
According to the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan, land plots to be sown with wheat for next year's harvest will be reduced from 760,000 to 690,000 hectares. It is also planned to reduce the amount of wheat harvesting from 1.6 million tons this year to 1.4 million tons next year. Lands liberated from wheat will be allocated for cotton cultivation.
This year, the government doubled the procurement prices for wheat. At the same time, the farmers are fully exempt from the taxes on land.
The State covers up to half of the farmer’s costs by providing them with necessary machinery, seeds, mineral fertilizers and irrigation water.
In the current year, the State plans to collect 1,55 million thousand tons of cotton from 550 thousand hectares of allocated land.
The private producers of agricultural products also started cultivating cotton on 25,6 thousand hectares of farmland, allocated to them by a special land fund.
Nowadays, the farmers of Ahal velayat are testing multifunctional tractors of the John Deere 6195M brand equipped with digital telemetry systems on cotton fields. These machines are successfully used for cultivating land, caring for crops, loading and unloading goods, and in various transport operations.
With the installation of detectors and sensors in the fields, the smart and precise farming begins. The introduction of digital technologies can increase the yield of farmland and can lead to significant savings in seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation water and fuel.
The government also introduced new higher prices for procurement of cotton and silkworm cocoon, which take into account their quality characteristics. Farmers, who want to engage in cultivation of silkworm cocoon, are provided with free silkworms and mulberry leaves.